Yahya said that he heard Malik say, "What is done in our community about the man who rapes a woman, virgin or non-virgin, if she is free, is that he must pay the bride-price of the like of her. the penetration (like "a stick disappearing in a kohl container," as the fiqh books specify). The most popular transmitted hadith given below indicates the ordinance of stoning for the rapist but no punishment and no requirement of four eyewitnesses for the rape victim.[33][34]. Few hadiths have been found regarding rape in the time of Muhammad. Secondly, the status of genital secretions is debated among the four Sunni schools, some scholars viewing it as impure and others not. Any uninvolved Muslim witness, or victim of non-consensual sexual intercourse, who accuses a Muslim of zina, but fails to produce four adult, pious male eyewitnesses before a sharia court, commits the crime of false accusation (Qadhf, القذف), punishable with eighty lashes in public. Reza Aslan (2004), "The Problem of Stoning in the Islamic Penal Code: An Argument for Reform", Z. Mir-Hosseini (2011), Criminalizing sexuality: zina laws as violence against women in Muslim contexts, SUR-Int'l Journal on Human Rights, 8(15), pp. 581–601, KAMALI (1998), Punishment in Islamic Law: A Critique of the Hudud Bill of Kelantan Malaysia, Arab Law Quarterly, vol. [43][page needed][71], Maliki school of Islamic jurisprudence considers pregnancy as sufficient and automatic evidence, unless there is evidence of rape. The Prophet did not say anything to him until the verse cited above was revealed. [25], Abu Huraira reported Allah's Apostle as saying: “Allah has decreed for every son of Adam his share of zina, which he will inevitably commit. Academic Search Complete. The hadd-punishment in such cases is applied to the rapist, and there is no punishment applied to the raped woman. Zephaniah (Biblical), Tzefanyah (Biblical Hebrew), Zephania (Southern African) However, other jurists insist that any act of lust in which the result is the injecting of semen into another person constitutes sexual intercourse. The last two types of prosecutions are uncommon; most prosecuted cases of zina in the history of Islam have been pregnant unmarried women. hudud) crimes which have Quranically specified punishments. Would you like to add a information. Progressive Muslims: On Justice, Gender, and Pluralism, Oxford: Oneworld, pp. Zinia was born on September 7th, 1929 in Goa. Over the years, its meaning has shifted a bit to represent remembrance, affection and those who have a place in your heart. This article presents 15 dangers of zina which the Muslim should know, or be reminded of. Zinnia are a reminder to keep absent friends in mind, at least during Victorian times. 'Ubada b. as-Samit reported: Allah's Messenger as saying: Receive teaching from me, receive teaching from me. [11] Four witnesses are required to prove the offense. From the flower. The name means a flower. Zinnia in Arabic Writing. [11], Although stoning for zina is not mentioned in the Quran, all schools of traditional jurisprudence agreed on the basis of hadith that it is to be punished by stoning if the offender is muhsan (adult, free, Muslim, and having been married), with some extending this punishment to certain other cases and milder punishment prescribed in other scenarios. So in the year of Conquest of Mecca, Sa'd took him and said. Rather a ta’zeer punishment must be imposed, because it is a sin..'". [66][67] Some Islamic scholars state that the requirement of four male eyewitnesses was to address zina in public. Allah's 99 Names, You have blessed, it is a phrase taken from Surat al-Fatiha, the speech is directed at God, Companion in nightly conversation, entertainer, Adornment, ornament, decoration, elegance, beauty, (Zinia pronunciation in different languages). There are always several meanings of each word in Urdu, the correct meaning of Zinnia in Urdu is زینیا, and in roman we write it Zinia. asked the Prophet. (Ed.). Islamic Names are available to give you child beautiful and meaningful name. The meaning of Zinnia is “From the Flower”. 190–234, LAU, M. (2007), Twenty-Five Years of Hudood Ordinances: A Review, Washington and Lee Law Review, n. 64, pp. Zinnia Urdu Meaning - Find the correct meaning of Zinnia in Urdu, it is important to understand the word properly when we translate it from English to Urdu. Malik related to me from Nafi that a slave was in charge of the slaves in the khumus and he forced a slave-girl among those slaves against her will and had intercourse with her. The witnesses are not allowed to delay their testimony from the time of the incident to the time of testifying. If they repent and amend, Leave them alone; for Allah is Oft-returning, Most Merciful. This graph shows how many babies are given the name Zinnia each year in the United States. If you want to see your name in Arabic calligraphy below you can find Zinnia in Arabic letters. The Muslim, who hopes to meet his Lord and attain His forgiveness and mercy, and to be welcomed with open doors to the Paradise, is ought to know its dangers and seek protection against them, as long as he lives. ", According to hadith, bestiality is defined under zina and its punishment is execution of the accused man or woman along with the animal. There is no punishment for a man who sodomizes a woman because it is not tied to procreation. All witnesses must have seen the act in its most intimate details, i.e. nikkaki(thailand)は、日本化学機械製造株式会社のタイ現地法人として各種 プラントの設計から施工、アフターサービスまでタイでグローバル展開を図っております。 Zinia name meanings is Name of a flower. He believes these rulings were temporary and were abrogated later when a functioning state was established and society was ready for permanent rulings, which came in Sura Nur, Ayat 2 and 3, prescribing flogging as a punishment for adultery. Malik related to me from Ibn Shihab that gave a judgment that the rapist had to pay the raped woman her bride-price. Then Allah's Apostle further said, "The child is for the owner of the bed, and the stone is for the adulterer," He then said to Sauda bint Zam'a, "Veil (screen) yourself before him," when he saw the child's resemblance to 'Utba. comes upon a man, then they are both adulterers.”. But a man might plausibly believe that he had ownership rights over his wife's or his son's property, and so think that having sex with their slaves was legal. [28] Jurists had varying opinions on what counted as legitimate "doubt" for this purposes. [53][54] The reason behind considering this act as not recommended is manifold, the foremost being the issues of modesty, purification (Taharat) and cleanliness.[55]. Their rationale was that since legal sex is legitimized, in part, by payment (the dower paid by the husband to the wife upon marriage, or the purchase price of a slave), a man might plausibly believe that prostitution, which also involves a payment in return for sexual access, was legal. The hadiths declare rape of a free or slave woman as zina.[35]. Currently, sodomy is punishable by death in a number of Muslim countries, including Saudi Arabia and Yemen, as well as in Nigeria's Sharia courts. [11][1] Rape was traditionally prosecuted under different legal categories which used normal evidentiary rules. [75] In addition to thousands of women in prison awaiting trial for zina-related charges, there has been a severe reluctance to even report rape because the victim fears of being charged with zina. The meaning is `zinnia (flower)` The name Zinnia is most commonly given to American girls. Zinnia is a genus of 20 species of annual and perennial plants of family Asteraceae, originally from scrub and dry grassland in an area stretching from the American Southwest to South America, but primarily Mexico, and notable for their solitary long-stemmed flowers that come in a variety of bright colors. Zinnia Name Meaning. ", "National Commission on the status of women's report on Hudood Ordinance 1979", "Zina, Rape, and Islamic Law: An Islamic Legal Analysis of … Narrated 'Aisha: 'Utba bin Abi Waqqas said to his brother Sa'd bin Abi Waqqas, "The son of the slave girl of Zam'a is from me, so take him into your custody." 287–320, A. SAJOO (1999), Islam and Human Rights: Congruence or Dichotomy, Temple International and Comparative Law Journal, vol. ", If a confession or the four witnesses required to prove a hadd crime are not available, but rape can be proved by other means, the rapist is sentenced under the ta'zir system of judicial discretion. Camilla Adang (2003), Ibn Hazam on Homosexuality. Zinia is an alternate form of Zinnia (Latin): Flower name. Ma'iz came to the Prophet and admitted having committed adultery four times in his presence so he ordered him to be stoned to death, but said to Huzzal: If you had covered him with your garment, it would have been better for you.
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