Koch, K. M., Kerr, B. M., Gooding, A. E., and Davis, I. M. Pharmacokinetics of bismuth and ranitidine following multiple doses of ranitidine bismuth citrate. BY MOUTH: Did you or will you purchase this product in-store or online? Gastroenterology 1977;73(4 Pt 1):715-718. Comparative study of Helicobacter pylori eradication rates of concomitant therapy vs modified quadruple therapy comprising proton-pump inhibitor, bismuth, amoxicillin, and metronidazole in Korea. When bismuth is combined with other metals such as lead, tin, iron and cadmium, it forms alloys with low melting points that can be used in fire detectors and extinguishers. Fine, K. D. and Lee, E. L. Efficacy of open-label bismuth subsalicylate for the treatment of microscopic colitis. Bismuth oxychloride (BiOCl) is used to make a pigment known as bismuth white. View abstract. Once the Forge was constructed, Bismuth outfitted the Crystal Gem… Bismuth is mixed with other metals to form low-melting alloys. These Bismuth alloys have been used in fire safety devices and safety plugs because of their low melting point. Complications after weight-loss surgery. This information may not fit your specific health circumstances. View abstract. Kim SH, Tramontina VA, Papalexiou V, Luczyszyn SM. pii: e00140-17. View abstract. View abstract. View abstract. Available at: https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/scripts/cdrh/cfdocs/cfcfr/cfrsearch.cfm?cfrpart=357&showfr=1&subpartnode=21: An Med Interna 2001;18(7):361-363. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 2000;15(11):1243-1250. Alloys of bismuth are also used in making sharp castings of objects subject to damage by high temperatures because the liquid metal expands 3.32 percent when it becomes solid. For professional medical information on natural medicines, see Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Professional Version.© Therapeutic Research Faculty . Systematic review with meta-analysis: the management of chronic refractory pouchitis with an evidence-based treatment algorithm. View abstract. Bismuth Is Back: Why the Nontoxic Ammo Is Perferct for Classic Waterfowl Shotguns. Thijs JC, van Zwet AA, Moolenaar W, Wolfhagen MJ, ten Bokkel Huinink J. View abstract. Helicobacter. Information from this source is evidence-based and objective, and without commercial influence. Masannat Y, Nazer E. Pepto bismuth associated neurotoxicity: A rare side effect of a commonly used medication. Prophylactic administration of subsalicylate bismuth). View abstract. Diarrhea caused by cancer drug treatment. Kim, S. H., Tramontina, V. A., Papalexiou, V., and Luczyszyn, S. M. Bismuth subgallate as a topical hemostatic agent at palatal donor sites. View abstract. Before Bismuth Subnitrate & Iodoform Paste for Gauze is used Bismuth & Iodoform Paste for Gauze should not be used if: • you are allergic (hypersensitive) to Bismuth Subnitrate or Iodoform. J Lab Clin Med 1992;119(5):529-537. Sparberg, M. Correspondence: Bismuth subgallate as an effective means for the control of ileostomy odor: a double blind study. You are going to grow the crystals by melting the bismuth in a metal "dish" (which will have a higher melting point than the bismuth), separate the pure bismuth from its impurities, allow the bismuth to crystallize, and pour away the remaining liquid bismuth from the crystals before it freezes around the … CONDITIONS OF USE AND IMPORTANT INFORMATION: Chemicals of bismuth are used in large quantities in the pharmaceutical (nitrate and carbonate), cosmetic (bismuth oxychloride) and pigment industries (bismuth subsalicylate). Eur J Clin Pharmacol 1994;47(2):177-180. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 1997;11(6):1041-1046. Triple vs. quadruple therapy for treating Helicobacter pylori infection: a meta-analysis. View abstract. What is bismuth and what is it used for Ask for details ; Follow Report by Shreyaskini 07.02.2018 Log in to add a comment View abstract. A randomized controlled trial shows that both 14-day hybrid and bismuth quadruple therapies cure most patients with Helicobacter pylori infection in populations with moderate antibiotic resistance. Research shows that taking bismuth by, Stomach ulcers. Am J Gastroenterol 1997;92(4):653-8. (check all that apply). Also, another bismuth salt called bismuth subsalicylate is LIKELY SAFE when taken by mouth short-term and as directed to treat diarrhea. Segal JP, Ding NS, Worley G, et al. Araujo Castillo, R., Pinto Valdivia, J. L., Ramirez, D., Cok Garcia, J., and Bussalleu Rivera, A. View abstract. Despite the range of end-uses, metallurgical applications account for only about one-third of bismuth's total annual demand. Bismuth carbonate (Bi 2 (CO 3 ) 3 ) is used to treat diarrhea and gastric ulcers. Murin, M. B., Belyi, IuN, Barchukov, V. G., and Salenko, IuA. Gastroenterology 1991;101(4):889-894. It is a brittle metal with a silvery white color when freshly produced, but surface oxidation can give it an iridescenttinge in numerous colours. A comparison between omeprazole-based triple therapy and bismuth-based triple therapy for the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection: a prospective randomized 1-yr follow-up study. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified health care provider because of something you have read on WebMD. Bismuth (Bi) is a heavy metal with an atomic number of 83 and an atomic mass of 208.9804 atomic mass units (amu). Early research shows that taking a certain bismuth salt three times daily for 8 weeks decreases stool frequency in people with microscopic colitis. While bismuth has been regarded as a safe alternative to lead, there is still the potential for exposure and harm. View abstract. For this reason, bismuth is used in certain make-up, particularly eye shadows, to give a pearly effect. View abstract. Bismuth compounds are used as catalysts in the manufacturing process of synthetic fiber and rubber. Subchapter D - Drugs for Human Use. List of Bismuth Compounds, Common Compounds of Bismuth Bi, Formula, Molecular Weight The following doses have been studied in scientific research: As an elemental metal, its number is 83 on the Periodic Table. Riddle MS, DuPont HL, Connor BA. After encouragement from Rose, however, she fought in the Rebellion alongside the Crystal Gems. Gionchetti, P., Rizzello, F., Venturi, A., Ferretti, M., Brignola, C., Peruzzo, S., Belloli, C., Poggioli, G., Miglioli, M., and Campieri, M. Long-term efficacy of bismuth carbomer enemas in patients with treatment-resistant chronic pouchitis. View abstract. Development of a therapeutic procedure for bismuth intoxication with chelating agents. Taking a certain bismuth salt called bismuth subgallate by mouth, short-term and as directed, is LIKELY SAFE when used to treat odor caused by an opening in the belly wall during surgery. A complication after surgery for ulcerative colitis (pouchitis). View abstract. View abstract. Bujanda, L., Sanchez, A., Iriondo, C., Santos, A., Cosme, A., and Munoz, C. [Comparative study of the eradication of Helicobacter pylori: ranitidine bismuth citrate versus omeprazole plus two antibiotics for seven days]. DuPont, H. L., Sullivan, P., Pickering, L. K., Haynes, G., and Ackerman, P. B. Symptomatic treatment of diarrhea with bismuth subsalicylate among students attending a Mexican university. Addition of bismuth subnitrate to omeprazole plus amoxycillin improves eradication of Helicobacter pylori. Bismuth(III) oxide is perhaps the most industrially important compound of bismuth.It is also a common starting point for bismuth chemistry. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2003;17(9):1137-43. Tetrahedron 2002;58:8373-8397. Pure bismuth's brittleness makes it ineffective in metallurgical applications. Because BSS is chemically kind of similar to aspirin and both are broken down in the body to the same compound, salicylic acid, which has both anti-inflammatory and pain relieving properties. Unge, P. and Ekstrom, P. Effects of Combination Therapy with Omeprazole and an Antibiotic on Helicobacter pylori and Duodenal Ulcer Disease. [New ultrashort scheme for helicobacter pylori infection eradication using tetracyline, furazolidone and colloidal bismuth subcitrate in dyspeptic patients with or without peptic ulceration in the National Hospital Cayetano Heredia].

This copyrighted material is provided by Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database Consumer Version. We currently have no information for BISMUTH Interactions. Bismuth has a low melting point (271°C or 520°F), so it is easy to melt over high cooking heating. Quiz: What Do You Know About Vitamin B12 Deficiency? Bismuth is used as a catalyst for the materials that are used to create Synthetic Fibers and Rubbers. J Toxicol Clin Toxicol 1993;31(2):365-366. Minor bleeding. But it doesn't seem to help prevent febrile neutropenia in people receiving cancer drugs for lymphoma. Adverse events with bismuth salts for Helicobacter pylori eradication: systematic review and meta-analysis. Cengiz, N., Uslu, Y., Gok, F., and Anarat, A. Callanan, V., Curran, A. J., Smyth, D. A., and Gormley, P. K. The influence of bismuth subgallate and adrenaline paste upon operating time and operative blood loss in tonsillectomy. Folia Med Cracov 1995;36(1-4):53-75. [Calcium-disodium salt of ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTACAL Spofa) in the treatment of thallium and bismuth poisoning]. Voen Med Zh 2000;321(3):62-7, 96. Occasionally, Bismuth helps build Shotguns. Odor caused by an opening in the belly wall (Ileostomy odor). Int J Clin Pharmacol Ther Toxicol 1991;29(11):437-440. Research shows that taking bismuth subsalicylate the day before traveling and continuing until 2 days after returning home reduces the chance of getting travelers' diarrhea by up to 41%. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 1997;11 Suppl 1:27-33. View abstract. Gené E, Calvet X, Azagra R, Gisbert JP. How Long Does Coronavirus Live On Surfaces? Stomach problems caused by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) drugs. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 1998;12(3):277-279. 2015;109(6):275-82. View abstract. View abstract.

6:17 Learn more about bismuth and its physical and chemical properties. It doesn't seem to help prevent oral mucositis in people receiving cancer drugs for lymphoma. Bismuth helps to treat and prevent diarrhea. Nutr Clin Pract 2013;28(6):766-9. Coord Chem Rev 2007;251:2354-2366. However, taking bismuth doesn't seem to reduce diarrhea in people with cholera. J Clin Gastroenterol 1993;17 Suppl 1:S140-S145. Clin Pharmacol Ther 1994;55(5):486-491. But it doesn't seem to help prevent infections in people receiving cancer drugs for lymphoma. Sh., Katayev, V. A., Khusnutdinov, S. M., Akhunov, E. D., and Kazykhanov, N. S. Helicobacter pylori infection in childhood: results of management with ranitidine bismuth citrate plus amoxicillin and tinidazole. Slikkerveer, A., Jong, H. B., Helmich, R. B., and de Wolff, F. A. It is also used to treat diarrhea and help prevent travelers' diarrhea. 116, issue 4:G3825. Supino-Viterbo V, Sicard C, Risvegliato M, Rancurel G, Buge A. Where did you or where do you plan to purchase this product? Ital J Gastroenterol 1994;26(3):107-10. Do not use Bismuth Subnitrate & Iodoform Paste for Gauze after the expiry date which is stated on the label. Uses. View abstract. If you look at a hunk of bismuth, you'll notice a metallic sheen. Ten-day bismuth-containing quadruple therapy is effective as first-line therapy for Helicobacter pylori-related chronic gastritis: a prospective randomized study in China. Metaphysically, Bismuth is a … Gastroenterology 1998;114(1):29-36. Newton, D., Talbot, R. J., and Priest, N. D. Human biokinetics of injected bismuth-207. It is also used as an internal deodorant and to treat eye infections and peptic ulcers. However, other evidence suggests that using bismuth enemas does not improve symptoms of pouchitis. The remainder is used in paints, ceramics, catalysts and a variety of minor applications. View abstract. Pozzato, P., Zagari, M., Cardelli, A., Catalano, F. A., Giglio, A., Lami, F., Pilotto, A., Scarpulla, G., Spadaccini, A., Susi, D., Tosatto, R., Olivieri, A., Bazzoli, F., and Roda, E. Ranitidine bismuth citrate plus clarithromycin 7-day regimen is effective in eradicating Helicobacter pylori in patients with duodenal ulcer. View abstract. Evaluation of two therapeutic regimens for the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection. This information is meant to supplement, not replace advice from your doctor or healthcare provider and is not meant to cover all possible uses, precautions, interactions or adverse effects. View abstract. De Francesco V, Pontone S, Bellesia A, et al. A., DuPont, M. W., and de la Cabada, F. J. Bismuth uses; Overview; Bismuth is used in a couple of very different applications. However, small amounts are used as additives in copper, aluminum, iron, and steel to toughen and make alloys that are more machineable. Arch Dermatol 2001;137(7):968-9. Early research suggests that taking bismuth at the same time as very high doses of cancer drugs can prevent a serious complication called febrile neutropenia in people being treated for multiple myeloma. Bismuth salts have been used since around the 1700s as a pain reliever, and though aspirin has long been vastly more popular, the lasting power of Pepto-Bismol shows that it works. Bismuth subnitrate and subcarbonate are used in medicine. Part 335 Antidiarrheal drug products for over-the-counter human use. Prevention of travelers' diarrhea by the tablet formulation of bismuth subsalicylate. Bismuth is a chemical element with the symbol Bi and atomic number 83. View abstract. View abstract. Bismuth subsalicylate is the active ingredient in … Clin Otolaryngol Allied Sci 1999;24(1):72-74. View abstract. Once people mixed bismuth with antimony (a metal-like element) to make type metal, which was used to print old books. View abstract. The eutectic alloy known as Wood's Metal, which is used to manufacture triggering devices for fire sprinklers and holding devices for grinding optical lenses or turbine blades, makes use of bismuth due to its low melting point and unique thermal expansion properties. Bismuth oxychloride is extensively used in cosmetics. Choe JW, Jung SW, Kim SY, et al. View abstract. J Dig Dis 2017;18(9):537-42. Acute renal failure due to a bismuth preparation. That averages out to 39 cents per gram. Bismuth is mostly used as an ingredient in pharmaceutical products. Safety It is a pentavalent post-transition metal and one of the pnictogens with chemical properties resembling its lighter group 15 siblings arsenic and antimony. View abstract. [The use of enterosorbents for preventing and stopping chronic toxic stress in submariners]. Lead-bismuth eutectic (LBE) alloys containing 44.5% lead and 55.5% bismuth are used as the coolant in some nuclear reactors. . Aliment Pharmacol Ther 1997;11(4):673-678. 2. It is used to treat diarrhea and some other digestive problems and diseases. This medicine has bismuth subsalicylate in it. Cost. View abstract. A randomized controlled trial. The majority is consumed in bismuth alloys, pharmaceuticals and chemicals. Thorax 1997;52(3):303-304. This survey is being conducted by the WebMD marketing sciences department. Slikkerveer, A. and de Wolff, F. A. Bismuth poisoning and chelation. Early research suggests that taking bismuth at the same time as very high doses of cancer drugs can prevent infections in people being treated for multiple myeloma. View abstract. JAMA 1987;257(10):1347-1350. It is also used in fire detection devices, because it has a very low melting point . Quintessence Int 2010;41(8):645-9. It is implied by herself that she had been helping construct Gem colonies for hundreds or even thousands of years, and Earth was no different. It can be found naturally, although it is very rare! View abstract. 1 Bismuth is commercially produced as a by-product of lead, copper, tin, silver, and gold ore refining. Zaveri H, Surve A, Cottam D, et al. View abstract. Am J Gastroenterol 1996;91(1):93-7. View abstract. Lambert JR. Pharmacology of bismuth-containing compounds. Tucci A, Poli L, Gasperoni S, et al. Bismuth oxychloride is used in cosmetics. View abstract. Early research suggests that smearing bismuth paste onto the surgery site after tonsil removal or skin removal reduces bleeding. View abstract. Biological role. Code of Federal Regulations Title 21 - Foods and Drugs. Gisbert, J. P., Marcos, S., Gisbert, J. L., and Pajares, J. M. High efficacy of ranitidine bismuth citrate, amoxicillin, clarithromycin and metronidazole twice daily for only five days in Helicobacter pylori Eradication. Implications of nitric oxide in the action of cytoprotective drugs on gastric mucosa. One of the most modern uses for bismuth is as a replacement for the more toxic lead in metal alloys and solder. Applications of bismuth(III) compounds in organic synthesis. Quadruple, sequential, and concomitant first-line therapies for H. pylori eradication: a prospective, randomized study. The element's poor heat conduction and high electrical resistance make it useful for an assortment of applications, and the element is also used as a carrier for nuclear fuel. Bleeding. Bismuth oxide (Bi 2 O 3), a bismuth compound, is used as a yellow pigment in paints and cosmetics. Swelling (inflammation) and sores inside the mouth (oral mucositis). Can J Gastroenterol 1998;12(8):569-570. You should always speak with your doctor or health care professional before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your health care plan or treatment and to determine what course of therapy is right for you. J Laryngol Otol 1994;108(9):761-762. Z Haut Geschlechtskr 1961;31:164-169. 1 Naturally occurring bismuth is very rare, found as bismuthimite and bismite ores. Liou JM, Fang YJ, Chen CC, Taiwan Gastrointestinal Disease and Helicobacter Consortium. Early research suggests that using an enema containing elemental bismuth mixed with a particular gel nightly for 45 days reduces pouchitis symptoms. Elemental bismuth may occur naturally, although its sulfide and oxide form important commercial ores. View abstract. Acute renal failure after overdose of colloidal bismuth subcitrate. Most bismuth is mined in Peru, Mexico, Bolivia, Japan, and Canada. Wormald, P. J. and Sellars, S. L. Bismuth subgallate: a safe means to a faster adenotonsillectomy. Concomitant, bismuth quadruple, and 14-day triple therapy in the first-line treatment of Helicobacter pylori: a multicentre, open-label, randomised trial. J Laryngol Otol 1995;109(3):206-208. Bismuth helps to gain the feeling of togetherness as well as build strong relations.
MTTC Chemistry (018): Practice & Study Guide That averages out to 39 cents per gram. View abstract. Lambert, J. R. and Midolo, P. The actions of bismuth in the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infection. Bismuth salts are most commonly used for travelers' diarrhea, a digestive tract infection that can lead to ulcers (Helicobacter pylori or H. pylori), and stomach ulcers. A., and Wood, L. V. Comparison of loperamide with bismuth subsalicylate for the treatment of acute travelers' diarrhea. View abstract. Bismuth is often lab-created. Z Gastroenterol 1994;32(7):375-381. View abstract. View abstract. Lancet 2016;388(10058):2355-65. It is also added to some eye drops that are used to treat eye infections. A randomized double-blinded placebo-controlled trial of bismuth subgallate on loop duodenal switch patients with complaints of smelly stools and diarrhea. View abstract. Moeschlin, S. [Clinical-hematological demonstrations: aplastic anemia, acute leukemias, polyneuropathy in Waldenstrom's disease, acute porphyria]. JAMA 1986;255(6):757-760. Rev Infect Dis 1991;13(8):S691-S695. Am J Gastroenterol 2017;112(2):212-39. Early research suggests that taking a bismuth salt by mouth three times daily for 1 week reduces or eliminates the odor caused by an opening in the belly wall during surgery. What is Bismuth Used for Bismuth is a brittle metal with a white, silver-pink hue, often occurring in its native form with an iridescent oxide tarnish showing many refractive colors from yellow to blue. What factors influenced or will influence your purchase? Wu TS, Hsu PI, Kuo CH, et al. Early research suggests that taking bismuth at the same time as very high doses of cancer drugs can prevent oral mucositis in people being treated for multiple myeloma. WebMD does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Digestion 1987;37 Suppl 2:47-52. Chey, W. D., Fisher, L., Elta, G. H., Barnett, J. L., Nostrant, T., DelValle, J., Hasler, W. L., and Scheiman, J. M. Bismuth subsalicylate instead of metronidazole with lansoprazole and clarithromycin for Helicobacter pylori infection: a randomized trial. Chapter 1 - Food and Drug Administration. Konturek, S. J., Brzozowski, T., Majka, J., Szlachcic, A., and Pytko-Polonczyk, J. Bismuth subsalicylate is recommended by physicians for preventing and treating travelers' diarrhea. Treiber, G., Walker, S., and Klotz, U. Omeprazole-induced increase in the absorption of bismuth from tripotassium dicitrato bismuthate. Pure Bismuth costs 39$ per 100 grams. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 1977;40(8):748-52. It is used as a catalyst in organic chemistry. View abstract. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 1999;13(4):503-506. Pathog Glob Health. View abstract. Probably not, because these are all symptoms of eating or drinking too much. Subchapter D - Drugs for Human Use. View abstract. Nwokolo, C. U., Prewett, E. J., Sawyerr, A. M., Hudson, M., and Pounder, R. E. The effect of histamine H2-receptor blockade on bismuth absorption from three ulcer-healing compounds. Lerang F, Moum B, Ragnhildstveit E, et al. A review of its pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic properties, and its therapeutic use in peptic ulcer disease. View abstract. Travelers' diarrhea. Mixing bismuth with other metals lowers their melting points, making easy-to-shape alloys. Cohen PR. Comparison of 10-day levofloxacin bismuth-based quadruple therapy and levofloxacin-based triple therapy for Helicobacter pylori. View abstract. The effects of multistrain probiotic compound on bismuth-containing quadruple therapy for Helicobacter pylori infection: a randomized placebo-controlled triple-blind study. Reduced symptoms and need for antisecretory therapy in veterans 3 years after Helicobacter pylori eradication with ranitidine bismuth citrate/amoxicillin/clarithromycin. Comparison of enhanced elimination of bismuth in humans after treatment with meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid and D,L-2,3-dimercaptopropane-1-sulfonic acid. Obes Surg. 4. 2013;18(4):280-4. View abstract. Hansen PB, Penkowa M. Bismuth adjuvant ameliorates adverse effects of high-dose chemotherapy in patients with multiple myeloma and malignant lymphoma undergoing autologous stem cell transplantation: a randomised, double-blind, prospective pilot study. Helicobacter 2001;6(2):157-162. View abstract. Gastroenterology 1974;66(3):476. J Drugs Dermatol 2009;8(12):1132-5. Helicobacter 2007;12 Suppl 2:50-8. It likewise assists in transforming the self to attain the spiritual realm. Prewett, E. J., Nwokolo, C. U., Hudson, M., Sawyerr, A. M., Fraser, A., and Pounder, R. E. The effect of GR122311X, a bismuth compound with H2-antagonist activity, on 24-hour intragastric acidity. View abstract. Bismuth is the most n… View abstract. Does bismuth subgallate affect smell and stool Character? (check all that apply), What factors are most important to you? Early research shows that bismuth paste doesn't affect potentially heavy bleeding after an operation. Basic bismuth carbonate is taken in tablet or liquid form for indigestion as ‘bismuth mixture’. Carvalho, A. F., Fiorelli, L. A., Jorge, V. N., Da Silva, C. M., De Nucci, G., Ferraz, J. G., and Pedrazzoli, J. Bismuth subgallate as a topical hemostatic agent at palatal donor sites. Taking bismuth doesn't seem to prevent these side effects, but it might make gas and diarrhea less severe. Br J Clin Pharmacol 1996;42(2):207-211. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 1999;13(6):753-760. Digestion 2013;88(1):33-45. DuPont, H. L., Sullivan, P., Evans, D. G., Pickering, L. K., Evans, D. J., Jr., Vollet, J. J., Ericsson, C. D., Ackerman, P. B., and Tjoa, W. S. Prevention of traveler's diarrhea (emporiatric enteritis). FILIPOVA, J. and SRBOVA, J. View abstract. Lead-free plasma TVs and plasma displays also incorporate bismuth. A digestive tract infection that can lead to ulcers (Helicobacter pylori or H. pylori). Solar Panels are coated with paint that absorbs heat. Wilhelmsen, I., Weberg, R., Berstad, K., Hausken, T., Hundal, O., and Berstad, A. Helicobacter pylori eradication with bismuth subnitrate, oxytetracycline and metronidazole in patients with peptic ulcer disease. View abstract. All rights reserved. Sign Up to Receive Our Free Coroanvirus Newsletter. View abstract. Worku, M. L., Sidebotham, R. L., and Karim, Q. N. Effects of ranitidine bismuth citrate on Helicobacter pylori motility, morphology and survival. Fischbach LA, van Zanten S, Dickason J. Meta-analysis: the efficacy, adverse events, and adherence related to first-line anti-Helicobacter pylori quadruple therapies. Helicobacter 2000;5(3):176-182. Jacobsen JB, Hüttel MS. [Methemhemoglobinemia after excessive intake of a subnitrate containing antacid]. Kaviani, M. J., Malekzadeh, R., Vahedi, H., Sotoudeh, M., Kamalian, N., Amini, M., and Massarrat, S. Various durations of a standard regimen (amoxycillin, metronidazole, colloidal bismuth sub-citrate for 2 weeks or with additional ranitidine for 1 or 2 weeks) on eradication of Helicobacter pylori in Iranian peptic ulcer patients. Hum Exp Toxicol 2001;20(12):601-609. Chapter 1 - Food and Drug Administration. Lacey, L. F., Frazer, N. M., Keene, O. N., and Smith, J. T. Comparative pharmacokinetics of bismuth from ranitidine bismuth citrate (GR122311X), a novel anti-ulcerant and tripotassium dicitrato bismuthate (TDB). View abstract. James JA. Koulinska I, Riester K, Chalkias S, Edwards MR. Effect of bismuth subsalicylate on gastrointestinal tolerability in healthy volunteers receiving oral delayed-release dimethyl fumarate: PREVENT, a randomized, multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Yang N, Sun H. Biocoordination chemistry of bismuth: Recent advances. W V Med J 2013;109(3):32-4. Bismuth and its compounds have many applications, a number of which are listed below. Dimethyl fumarate is a drug used for diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and multiple sclerosis (MS). This medication is used to treat occasional upset stomach, heartburn, and nausea. Today dentists use such alloys to make moulds of people’s mouths. Some early research shows that taking bismuth might improve the smell of gas and stools in someone that has had weight-loss surgery. But it doesn't seem to help prevent febrile neutropenia in people receiving cancer drugs for lymphoma. Early research suggests that taking bismuth at the same time as very high doses of cancer drugs can prevent a serious complication called febrile neutropenia in people being treated for multiple myeloma. J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1990;5(4):382-386. View abstract. View abstract. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 1986;29(4):625-7. The free element is 86% as dense as lead. 2018;28(11):3511-3517. Tremaine, W. J., Sandborn, W. J., Wolff, B. G., Carpenter, H. A., Zinsmeister, A. R., and Metzger, P. P. Bismuth carbomer foam enemas for active chronic pouchitis: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. It is found naturally as the mineral bismite (monoclinic) and sphaerobismoite (tetragonal, much more rare), but it is usually obtained as a by-product of the smelting of copper and lead ores. Ford AC, Malfertheiner P, Giguere M, et al. Schweiz Med Wochenschr 1975;105(40):1289-1298. Dig Liver Dis 2018;50(2):139-41. Bianchi Porro, G., Lazzaroni, M., and Cortvriendt, W. R. Maintenance therapy with colloidal bismuth subcitrate in duodenal ulcer disease. Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2004;20(10):1071-82. Bismuth is also used as a coloring agent in oil-based paints. Terence Bell wrote about commodities investing for The Balance, and has over 10 years experience in the rare earth and minor metal industries.
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