As of the 2010 census, it is the 46th-largest city under the jurisdiction of the United States, with a population of 395,326. Of the native population, 86.9% were born in Puerto Rico or the U.S. proper, of which 75.6% were born in Puerto Rico and 8.9% were born in the U.S. Those citizens eligible to vote directly elect a mayor and the municipal assembly for four-year terms. [34][35], San Juan has a tropical monsoon climate and has an average temperature of 81.0 °F (27.2 °C) although 90 °F (32 °C) or higher temperatures are seen on an average 79 days annually, more commonly occurring during the wetter months of the northern summer, especially if the winds come from the south. Chart and table of population level and growth rate for the San Juan, Puerto Rico metro area … San Juan, Puerto Rico. [51], Near Condado are two separate business districts, Santurce and Miramar. Technological advances after World War II in the development of the airliner, coupled with the island's climate and natural setting, have transformed San Juan into the springboard for tourism around the island, and has made the rest of the Caribbean known throughout the world during the last fifty years. [80] Dominicci Airport is used mainly by general aviation aircraft, charter flights, and some domestic commercial flights. Nothing came of those accusations and Capt. San Juan is the birthplace of artists and musicians, locally known as Sanjuaneros, who have significantly influenced Puerto Rican culture. Hato Rey was grazing ground for cattle owned by the royal government (hence its name, the King's Herd in Spanish) as early as the 16th century,[54] and is now considered the financial center of the island. [69][70] Miscellaneous museums such as the Children's Museum and the Bacardi Distillery (also known as the "Rum Cathedral") in nearby Cataño appeal to different audiences through interactive exhibitions. The remaining 11.9% of the population were born outside the United States and U.S. territories. Recorded February 15-16, 2008. San Juan reached it's highest population of 386,070 in 2011. The race most likely to be in poverty in San Juan is Islander, with 71.43% below the poverty level. The other 0.7% were born in a different U.S. territory or born abroad to American parents. San Juan is the largest city in Puerto Rico by population. [60][61] The city's economy relies mostly on companies dedicated to the manufacture of several products, including: Chemical substances (bleach and house cleaning products); medicines; rum and other beverages; fertilizers; electric tools; electronic devices; plastics, textiles, and food-based products. [30], On March 8, 1948 the city government of San Juan officially adopted as the city's first flag an orange field, in the center of which is the coat of arms of the city. A population pyramid illustrates the age and sex structure of a country's population and may provide insights about political and social stability, as well as economic development. The 65th Infantry was deactivated in 1956 and became the only unit ever to be transferred from an active Army component to the Puerto Rico National Guard. The city of San Juan operates 10 hospitals. [73] City Hall was constructed based on Madrid's City Hall starting in 1604 and finally completed in 1789. [61] This includes the city's ancient defensive wall and forts, most notably El Morro and the Castillo San Cristóbal. The age group where males are most likely to be married is Over 65, while the female age group most likely to be married is 55-64. [9] Today, it is part of the Pueblo Viejo sector of Guaynabo, just to the west of the present San Juan metropolitan area. [61] Tourism is also a key industry, based on San Juan's proximity to Puerto Rico's main airport, the Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport. In Punta Santiago, 11.8 percent were enrolled, among the highest in the area. Non citizens include legal permanent residents (green card holders), international students, temporary workers, humanitarian migrants, and illegal immigrants. San Juan. Puerto Rico's capital is the third oldest European-established capital city in the Americas, after Santo Domingo, in the Dominican Republic, foun… It is operated jointly by the Puerto Rico Department of Corrections and the Medical Services Administration. As of mid-2010, the government has approved plans for a redesign of this Puerto Rican city, featuring a new mass transit system, new roads and intersections, and more beach-access points. The plans for redevelopment also hope to make the city more appealing in order to attract new residents, as San Juan has suffered from a shrinking population over the past 60 years.[88]. San Juan is the capital and most-populous municipality in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, an unincorporated territory of the United States. San Juan's main water bodies are San Juan Bay and two natural lagoons, the Condado and San José. [87], Increased investment in public transportation, however, has not changed the fact that San Juan is an automobile-reliant city and its fast growth has sparked urban sprawl. These include the 16th-century Fort San Felipe del Morro and the 17th-century Fort San Cristóbal, both part of San Juan National Historic Site, and the 16th-century El Palacio de Santa Catalina, also known as La Fortaleza, which serves as the governor's mansion. The capital of Puerto Rico is San Juan, which was founded 1521. The University of Puerto Rico Río Piedras Campus is located in San Juan, along with the University of Puerto Rico's Medical Sciences Campus. These are: Teams based in San Juan have been notably successful in athletic competition. There are many other ancestry groups in San Juan, but they are very scant. The largest city in Puerto Rico is San Juan, the island’s capital. The main central part of the city is characterized by narrow streets made of blue cobblestone and picturesque colonial buildings, some of which date back to the 16th and 17th century. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of San Juan, PR declined from 321,613 to 309,990, a -3.61% decrease and its median household income grew from $21,533 to $22,729, a 5.55% increase. Other colleges located in San Juan are the University of the Sacred Heart, the Polytechnic University of Puerto Rico, the Ana G. Méndez University System's Metropolitan University, the Metropolitan Campus of the Inter American University of Puerto Rico, the Carlos Albizu University, the Evangelic Seminary of Puerto Rico and the Center for Advanced Studies on Puerto Rico and the Caribbean. Normally, injured police officers and firefighters are cared for here. 1951 463,000 On January 2, 1947, the people of San Juan elected Felisa Rincón de Gautier (also known as Doña Fela) (1897–1994) as their mayor. Slaves were brought to the island in the 16th and 17th centuries. The La Fortaleza battle, which ensued between the nationalists and the police lasted 15 minutes, and ended when four of the five attackers were killed. This hospital, founded in 1956, is operated by the Medical Services Administration of the Department of Health of Puerto Rico. [27] Camp Las Casas was eventually closed down, and in 1950 a public housing project by the name of Residencial Fray Bartolome de Las Casas was constructed on its former location. For every 100 females there are 83.9 males. LOCATION. The capital of the U.S. territory of Puerto Rico is also the island's primary metropolitan area and home to a number of its main tourist attractions. [61] On January 23, 1984 both of these edifices were catalogued as being part of humanity's cultural patrimony. For every 100 females there are 83.9 males. The reason for the cancellations is the privatization of the cruise docks in San Juan due to much-needed maintenance that is needed. The median rental costs in recent years comes to $468 per month, and the median house value is $155,400. San Juan Pediatric Hospital - Also operated by the San Juan municipal government. [79] There are also several technical schools based in San Juan, including the Technological College of San Juan, the Liceo de Artes y Ciencias, Ramirez College of Business and Technology, and the Puerto Rico Technical Junior College. [61] The local universities are promoted as historic places, most notably the campus of University of Puerto Rico located in Río Piedras, which is the oldest university on the island being founded in 1903. Table. [24] Marxuach, who was a member of the "Porto Rico Regiment of Infantry" and Officer of the Day, on March 25, 1915, opened fire on the Odenwald, an armed German supply vessel, when it was trying to force its way out of San Juan's bay. In terms of ancestry, 23,875 people claimed American ancestry, which is equivalent to 5.8% of San Juan's population. The main hospital is located at Centro Medico. The city has also been the host of events within the sports community; some examples include: The $28 million San Juan Natatorium attracts island-wide and regional swim meets, as well as winter training by top-rated mainland U.S. colleges and universities, including the United States Military Academy at West Point and the United States Naval Academy at Annapolis. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, age … Son : un cordero blanco con su banderilla colorada, sobre un libro, y todo sobre una isla verde, que es la de Puerto Rico, y por los lados una F y una I, que quiere decir Fernando e Isabel, los Reyes Católicos que se las dieron, y hoy se conservan en el estandarte real, que es de damasco anaranjado, con que se ganó la ciudad" ("Coat of arms given to Puerto Rico by the Catholic Monarchs in the year 1511 being Procurator a vecino named Pedro Moreno. Old San Juan also features several public squares, like the Plaza de Armas, located in front of San Juan City Hall; and cathedrals, like the Cathedral of San Juan Bautista. The only other sizable Asian group in San Juan are Indian Americans; there are 698 people of Indian descent in the city, forming 0.2% of the population. [77] The Municipal Police, originally known as the "San Juan Municipal Guard", was created in 1521 and had active military and law enforcement functions until 1980, when Act #77 created municipal law enforcement agencies in Puerto Rico. Other notable residents include writers Giannina Braschi and Tomas Blanco, award-winning actors Raul Julia and Benicio del Toro, and comedian José Miguel Agrelot. People of Italian descent numbered at 1,694, forming 0.4% of the population; people of French descent numbered at 1,064, forming 0.2% of the population. In 1508, Juan Ponce de León founded the original settlement which he called Caparra. San Juan's Municipal Legislature is made up of 17 municipal legislators, elected at-large, which represent the city's population. Sections of the old city are surrounded by massive walls and several defensive structures and notable forts. Camp Las Casas, located in the district of Santurce, served as the main training camp for the Puerto Rican soldiers prior to World War I and World War II; the majority of the men trained in this facility were assigned to the "Porto Rico Regiment of Infantry" which was renamed the 65th Infantry Regiment of the United States Army by the Reorganization Act of June 4, 1920. This was significant for tourism, which had rebounded by October of that year and was close to the pre-Maria era.[8]. Law enforcement in San Juan is the joint responsibility of the Department of Police and Public Safety, also known as the San Juan Police Department and the Puerto Rico Police Department. [20] The residents of San Juan were furious with Rivero and blamed him for the destruction caused to their city by the American bombardments. In the winter, temperatures can drop to around 60 °F (16 °C), though the average winter low is 71 °F (22 °C). [16][unreliable source?] At the time, the area was used by the military as an air base and it was also Puerto Rico's first commercial airport, and Rigau Carrera was allowed to perform his historic flight from the air field. It is made up of eight other hospitals. 1950 451,000. The island group consists of 143 islands. This area is approximately 138% of the area of Delaware. San Juan is currently declining at a rate of 0.00% annually and its population has decreased by -13.29% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 381,931 in 2010. "US Naval Institute Proceedings"; "A Breach of Neutrality"; by: Lt. Isaiah Olch, US Navy; Vol. Approximately 1,026 people claimed Sub-Saharan African ancestry; 719 claimed Irish ancestry; 646 claimed German ancestry; 431 claimed Arab ancestry, and 346 claimed English ancestry. A year later, the settlement was moved to a site then called Puerto Rico, Spanish for "rich port" or "good port", after its similar geographical features to the town of Puerto Rico of Gran Canaria in the Canary Islands. The non-English language spoken by the largest group is Spanish, which is spoken by 92.09% of the population. [31][32], 17th-century Spanish painting commemorating Captain Juan de Amézqueta's victory and Enrico's defeat at Puerto Rico de San Juan; by Eugenio Caxés, Museo del Prado, The bodies of two nationalists lie on the ground after their attack on La Fortaleza (1950), San Juan is located along the north-eastern coast of Puerto Rico. The tourism focus of the city is located in the district of Condado Beach where there are luxurious hotels. Between 2017 and 2018 the population of San Juan Municipio, PR declined from 337,288 to 320,967, a -4.84% decrease and its median household income grew from $21,912 to $23,012, a 5.02% increase. San Juan is the largest city in Puerto Rico and Houses the bicameral Legislative Assembly. In 2018, San Juan, PR had a population of 310k people with a median age of 44.1 and a median household income of $22,729. According to the most recent ACS, the racial composition of San Juan was: 2019 and 2020 population is estimated by projecting the raw 2018 numbers. [21][22] Spain ceded the island to the United States later the same year by signing the Treaty of Paris. In 1951 the municipalities of San Juan and Río Piedras were merged to redefine San Juan's current city limits. It is also the biggest and most populated of all the districts in the capital with a bigger population than most municipalities of Puerto Rico and one of the most densely populated areas of the island (15,447.0 persons per square mile). [11][12][13], San Juan, as a settlement of the Spanish Empire, was used by merchant and military ships traveling from Spain as the first stopover in the Americas. [61] The restaurants and art galleries in the zone are visited by tourists. Rafael Cordero (1790–1868), was influential in the development of Puerto Rican education and has been once renowned[by whom?] portal, List of people from San Juan, Puerto Rico, "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990", "U.S. Census Bureau Delivers Puerto Rico's 2010 Census Population Totals, Including First Look at Race and Hispanic Origin Data for Legislative Redistricting", "Nearly two years after Hurricane Maria devastation, Puerto Rico welcomes record number of tourists", "Historic places in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands", "Nueva España documents and transcripts, ca. Its fleet consists of 277 regular buses and 35 handicap-accessible buses. It appears that the color was changed from orange to white at some point. On October 30, 1950, San Juan was the scene of the San Juan Uprising, one of many uprisings which occurred in various towns and cities in Puerto Rico, by the Puerto Rican Nationalist Party against the governments of Puerto Rico and the United States. There are 4,822 whites of non-Hispanic origin living in San Juan; 1,187 blacks of non-Hispanic origin living in San Juan. Miramar is mainly a residential area rising south of the Condado Lagoon. San Juan is the capital of and largest city in Puerto Rico, with a population of about 395,000. The population of the Metropolitan Statistical Area, including San Juan and the municipalities of Bayamón, Guaynabo, Cataño, Canóvanas, Caguas, Toa Alta, Toa Baja, Carolina and Trujillo Alto, is about 2.6 million inhabitants; thus, about 80% of the population of Puerto Rico now lives and works in this area. Official records for San Juan were kept at downtown from November 1898 to December 1955 and at Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport since January 1956. The district of Hato Rey contains a corporate sector known as "La Milla de Oro", (The Golden Mile) which serves as the headquarters of local and international banks. Chinese comprise 1.4% of the population. The highest rate of high school graduation is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%. The vast majority of Asians in San Juan are of Chinese descent; of the 6,342 Asians, 4,928 are Chinese. The Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport, San Juan's primary commercial airport, is located eight miles (12.9 km) from Old San Juan in the neighboring municipality of Carolina. The largest hospital in San Juan and most important of Puerto Rico and the Caribbean[citation needed] is the Rio Piedras Medical Center, or Centro Medico de Rio Piedras in Spanish. Puerto Rico Population Growth. It is often referred to as "The Gateway to the Caribbean" because it serves as the main connection to the island and the rest of the Caribbean for the United States and vice versa. San Juan has an elaborate system of triage, hospital, and preventive care health services. [84] There is also a daily ferry service, known as the Cataño Ferry (La Lancha de Cataño), which operates between Old San Juan and the town of Cataño. There are 269,003 adults, (69,996 of whom are seniors) in San Juan. An April 2019 report indicated that, by that time, repairs after Hurricane Maria were moving rapidly. Official Website: http://www.sanjuancapital.com/ Population: 442,447 (2000 census) COMPANY HEADQUARTERS In accordance to the planned uprising in San Juan, a group of nationalists were supposed to attack simultaneously the gubernatorial mansion La Fortaleza, where Puerto Rican governor Luis Muñoz Marín resided, and the United States Federal Court House which is located close to an area called "La Marina" in Old San Juan. Today Río Piedras comprises the largest area of the municipality of San Juan. [25] The shots ordered by Lt. Marxuach were the first fired by the United States in World War I.[26]. Pediatric Hospital: Operated by the government of the Commonwealth, this is the main trauma hospital for pediatric cases. [37] Rainfall is well-distributed throughout the year, but the months of January, February, and March are the driest; as March averages just 1.95 inches (49.5 mm) of rain, the city falls under the tropical monsoon category. The municipal government is housed in City Hall or Casa Alcaldia, which is located at 153 San Francisco Street, facing the Plaza de Armas at the center of Old San Juan. San Juan reached it's highest population of 386,070 in 2011. 6.73% of residents are not US citizens. According to the 2010 Census, the racial composition of San Juan was as follows: Among the Hispanic and Latino population, Puerto Ricans are, unsurprisingly, the largest group; they make up 87.5% of San Juan's Hispanic population. The plans hope to remedy previous poor urban planning in the oldest section of the city, the Isleta, while curbing reliance on motor vehicles. [82] The city is served by five limited-access expressways and highways and numerous arterial avenues and boulevards, but continues to suffer from severe traffic congestion. The highest rate of bachelors degrees is among islander people with a rate of 100.00%. During the 20th century, the main population centers surged well beyond the walls of the old city and onto Puerto Rico's main island, and merged with the existing settlements east and south of Old San Juan. Among the uprising's main objective was to attack "La Fortaleza" (the Governors mansion) and the United States Federal Court House Building in Old San Juan. [45] Other buildings of interest predating the 20th century are the Ayuntamiento or Alcaldía (City Hall), the Diputación Provincial and the Real Intendencia buildings, which house the Puerto Rico Department of State,[46] the Casa Rosa, the San José Church (1523) and the adjacent Hotel El Convento, the former house of the Ponce de León family known as Casa Blanca, the Teatro Tapia, the former Spanish barracks (now Museum of Ballajá), La Princesa (former municipal jail, now headquartering the Puerto Rico Tourism Company), and the Santa María Magdalena de Pazzis Cemetery, located just outside the city walls. In July 2007, the San Juan Golf Academy and its driving range began operating atop the city's former sanitary landfill in Puerto Nuevo, and will eventually include the city's first and only 9-hole golf course. People of Dominican descent made up 12.2% of the Hispanic population, while those of Cuban descent formed 1.7% of the Hispanic populace. Places and monuments emphasized in tourism campaigns include: Old San Juan, promoting the historic nature of its colonial buildings and narrow streets covered by adoquine, a blue stone cast from furnace slag; they were brought over as ballast on Spanish ships. The main settlement, San Juan, became an important Spanish outpost. It lies south of the Atlantic Ocean; north of Caguas and Trujillo Alto; east of and Guaynabo; and west of Carolina. San Juan was founded by Spanish colonists in 1521, who called it Ciudad de Puerto Rico ("Rich Port City"). [54], Seaborne Airlines is headquartered on the 9th floor of the World Plaza Building in San Juan.[62]. Thus, she became the first woman to be elected as the mayor of a capital city in any of The Americas. It is the second busiest port in cruise volume after Miami. East of Old San Juan lies the wealthy tourist-oriented neighborhood of Condado, which occupies land that used to be owned by entrepreneur Pablo Ubarri Capetillo, a Spanish railroad developer and Count of San José de Santurce under the Spanish colonial period. Centro Cardiovascular del Caribe (Caribbean Cardiovascular Center): This is the main hospital for open heart surgery in the Caribbean. San Juan is currently declining at a rate of. Various events and circumstances, including liberalized commerce with Spain, the opening of the island to immigrants as a direct result of the Royal Decree of Graces of 1815, and the colonial revolutions, led to an expansion of San Juan and other Puerto Rican settlements in the late 18th and early 19th century. Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. The last full US census results, from 2010, showed that there were 3,725,789 people in Puerto Rico, so the population decrease was 19,099 in a single year. The Dutch were counterattacked by Captain Juan de Amézqueta and 50 members of the civilian militia on land and by the cannons of the Spanish troops in El Morro Castle. The architecture is more varied in other districts of the city. The land has a total area of 8,870 km² and a total coastline of 501 km. The Puerto Rico Arts Museum owns the largest collection of contemporary art in Puerto Rico, housing over 1,100 permanent art pieces and displaying temporary exhibitions containing artwork from various locations through Latin America. [61] Historical locations such as El Morro, Old San Juan and El Cuartel de Ballaja are promoted in tourism campaigns. The table below describes the 15 statistical areas and 78 municipios of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico with the following information: The combined statistical area (CSA) as designated by the OMB. All military actions in Puerto Rico were suspended August 13, 1898, after President William McKinley and French Ambassador Jules Cambon, acting on behalf of the Spanish government, signed an armistice. The damage caused in 2017 by Hurricane Maria was extensive. San Juan (/ˌsæn ˈhwɑːn/, Spanish: [saŋ ˈxwan]; "Saint John") is the capital and most-populous municipality in the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, an unincorporated territory of the United States. His army laid siege to the city but was forced to withdraw in defeat as the Puerto Rican defenses proved more resilient than those of Trinidad. Other sizable ancestry groups included those of Italian descent, French descent, and West Indian descent. This sector is located on the western half of a small island called the Isleta de San Juan, which is connected to the mainland by two bridges and a causeway. In addition to dozens of state-run elementary, intermediate, and high schools, the government of the city of San Juan operates two bilingual schools, including one sports-magnet school, the first municipal-run schools in Puerto Rico. What is now known as Old San Juan occupied the western end of a rocky islet, the Isleta de San Juan, at the mouth of San Juan Bay. The total number of households is 139,277 with 2 people per household on average.The median age of the current population is 42 with 93,816 people being married and 195,426 being single. It is also the largest home-based cruise port in the world with over a dozen cruise ships. Because of its prominence in the Caribbean, a network of fortifications was built to protect the transports of gold and silver from the New World to Europe. [73], The executive branch is headed by a popularly elected mayor. Operated by the government of Puerto Rico. The area's secondary airport is the Fernando Ribas Dominicci Airport, which is located directly across the San Antonio Creek or Cano San Antonio from Old San Juan in the Isla Grande district. The poverty rate among those that worked full-time for the past 12 months was 8.43%. Captains Amézqueta and Andrés Botello decided to put a stop to the destruction and led 200 men in an attack against the enemy's front and rear guard. The district of Santurce features a lot of influence from art deco, while the districts of Hato Rey feature more modern structures. [15] After a few months of English occupation, Clifford was forced to abandon the siege when his troops began to suffer from exhaustion and sickness. [76], In 2010 there were 201 homicides in San Juan, a rate of around 50 per 100,000 residents.
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